Let's break down the themes, characters, and literary devices used in "The Little Match Girl":


  1. Poverty and Desperation: The story highlights the extreme poverty and desperation experienced by the little match girl and her family. It portrays the harsh realities of life for those living in poverty, struggling to survive in harsh conditions.

  2. Compassion and Empathy: Despite her own suffering, the little match girl exhibits compassion and empathy towards others. The story emphasizes the importance of kindness and empathy in a world where suffering is prevalent.

  3. Imagination and Escapism: The little match girl's vivid imagination serves as a form of escapism from her bleak reality. Through her matches, she creates fantasies and visions that provide temporary relief from her hardships.

  4. Mortality and Hope: The story explores themes of mortality and the fleeting nature of life. Despite her tragic fate, there is a sense of hope and transcendence as the little match girl experiences moments of warmth and comfort in her visions.


  1. The Little Match Girl: The protagonist of the story, a young girl living in poverty who sells matches to survive. She is depicted as innocent, kind-hearted, and imaginative, despite her dire circumstances.

  2. The Passersby: Various characters who ignore or disregard the little match girl's plight, reflecting societal indifference towards the poor and marginalized.

  3. The Grandmother: A vision of the little match girl's deceased grandmother who appears to comfort and guide her in her final moments.

Literary Devices:

  1. Symbolism: The matches symbolize both the little match girl's desperate attempt to survive and her imagination as a form of escapism. The grandmother's appearance symbolizes comfort and guidance in the face of death.

  2. Imagery: Andersen employs vivid imagery to evoke the harshness of the little match girl's reality, as well as the beauty and warmth of her visions.

  3. Foreshadowing: Throughout the story, there are hints and clues that foreshadow the little match girl's tragic fate, such as the cold weather and her mention of seeing her grandmother.

  4. Irony: The story utilizes irony to contrast the little match girl's vivid imagination and moments of warmth with the harsh reality of her situation and ultimate demise.

By exploring these themes, characters, and literary devices, students can gain a deeper understanding of "The Little Match Girl" and its message about empathy, compassion, and the human experience. Through analysis and reflection, students can also develop empathy towards the characters and themes presented in the story

Post a Comment

Spammers Keep Away !!

Previous Post Next Post