A lesson plan
for "The Last Leaf" for class IX (9th grade) curriculum can be engaging and educational. Here's a structured outline:

Subject: English Language and Literature

Duration: 1 hour


  • Students will analyze the themes, characters, and plot of "The Last Leaf" by O. Henry.
  • Students will identify literary devices used in the story.
  • Students will engage in critical thinking and discussion about the story's message and relevance.

Materials Needed:

  • Copies of "The Last Leaf" by O. Henry
  • Whiteboard and markers
  • Handouts with comprehension questions (optional)


  1. Introduction (10 minutes):

    • Begin the lesson by asking students if they have heard of O. Henry or read any of his stories before. Provide a brief overview of the author's background and writing style.
    • Introduce the story "The Last Leaf" and its setting (Greenwich Village, New York City).
    • Explain the significance of the title and encourage students to make predictions about the story based on the title alone.
  2. Reading and Comprehension (15 minutes):

    • Distribute copies of "The Last Leaf" to students.
    • Read the story aloud as a class, or alternatively, assign parts to different students for a dramatic reading.
    • After reading, allow students a few minutes to silently review the text and jot down any initial thoughts or questions.
  3. Discussion (20 minutes):

    • Lead a discussion on the following points:
      • Plot: Summarize the main events of the story, highlighting the central conflict and resolution.
      • Characters: Analyze the characters of Sue, Johnsy, and Behrman. Discuss their motivations, relationships, and character development throughout the story.
      • Themes: Explore the themes of friendship, sacrifice, hope, and the power of art.
    • Encourage students to provide evidence from the text to support their interpretations.
  4. Analysis of Literary Devices (10 minutes):

    • Review common literary devices such as irony, symbolism, and foreshadowing.
    • Ask students to identify examples of these devices in "The Last Leaf" and discuss their significance to the story's meaning and impact.
  5. Reflection and Extension (5 minutes):

    • Conclude the lesson by asking students to reflect on the story's message and how it relates to their own lives.
    • Optionally, assign a writing prompt or creative activity related to the themes or characters of "The Last Leaf" for homework or in-class work.


  • Informal assessment through class participation and discussion.
  • Formal assessment through written responses to comprehension questions or a short essay reflecting on the story's themes and literary elements.


  • Students may be assigned additional reading or writing tasks related to the story, such as analyzing a different O. Henry story or writing a creative response inspired by "The Last Leaf."

By following this lesson plan, students will engage deeply with "The Last Leaf" while developing their critical thinking and literary analysis skills

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