Title: Lesson Plan of William Wordsworth's "Daffodils"


Materials Needed:

  • Copies of the poem "Daffodils" by William Wordsworth
  • Whiteboard and markers
  • Chart paper and markers
  • Art supplies (colored pencils, markers, etc.)
  • Audio recording of the poem (optional)

Lesson Plan:

Introduction (15 minutes):

  1. Begin the lesson by asking students if they are familiar with the poem "Daffodils" by William Wordsworth. Briefly discuss any prior knowledge they may have about the poet or the poem.
  2. Introduce William Wordsworth as one of the key figures of the Romantic literary movement and explain his emphasis on nature, emotion, and individual experience in his poetry.
  3. Provide some historical context about the Romantic period in literature, highlighting its focus on the natural world and the human imagination.

Reading and Analysis (30 minutes):

  1. Distribute copies of the poem "Daffodils" to the students.
  2. Read the poem aloud as a class, or play an audio recording if available.
  3. Have students read the poem silently to themselves.
  4. Lead a discussion on the following:
    • What is the central theme of the poem?

  5. The Central theme of the poem is the beautiful memories of nature and how it can cheer one in later times through the power of imagination.

    • How does Wordsworth use imagery to convey his ideas?
  6. When Wordsworth is in a melancholy mood, brooding on his couch, alone, the memory of coming upon the daffodils unexpectedly, and their beauty as they swayed in the wind, fills him with happiness. He is no longer “in vacant or in pensive mood”, for he is not alone, he is “dancing with the daffodils”

    • What is the significance of the daffodils in the poem?
  1. the daffodils represent the beauty of nature. The glowing, dancing, and cheery sight keeps the mind and the heart captured. Furthermore, the daffodils also represent various other qualities of nature such as hope, peace, and joy.

    • How does the structure of the poem contribute to its meaning?
  2. The poem is written in iambic tetrameter, meaning that each line consists of four iambic feet (an unstressed syllable followed by a stressed syllable). The meter of the poem gives it a rolling, musical quality, reflecting the speaker's feelings of joy and wonder as they watch the daffodils swaying in the breeze.

  3. Use the whiteboard or chart paper to note down key points and observations made by students during the discussion.

Close Reading (20 minutes):

  1. Divide the class into small groups.
  2. Assign each group a stanza from the poem.
  3. Instruct the groups to closely analyze their assigned stanza, paying attention to language, imagery, and poetic devices.
  4. After analyzing their stanza, have each group present their findings to the class, discussing the specific details and literary techniques used by Wordsworth.

Creative Activity (25 minutes):

  1. Explain to the students that they will be engaging in a creative activity inspired by the poem.
  2. Ask students to create their own poem or artwork inspired by the themes and imagery of "Daffodils."
  3. Provide art supplies for students who choose to create artwork, and encourage them to incorporate elements of nature and the daffodils into their designs.
  4. Allow students time to work on their poems or artwork.
  5. Once completed, invite students to share their poems or display their artwork with the class, explaining how they were influenced by Wordsworth's poem.

Conclusion (10 minutes):

  1. Summarize the key points discussed during the lesson, emphasizing the importance of nature, imagination, and individual experience in Romantic poetry.
  2. Encourage students to continue exploring the works of William Wordsworth and other Romantic poets on their own.
  3. Conclude the lesson by reflecting on the enduring relevance of "Daffodils" and its timeless themes.


  • Assessment can be based on students' participation in class discussions, their close reading analysis, and the creativity and thoughtfulness demonstrated in their poems or artwork.


  • To further explore the themes of nature and Romanticism, students could research other poems by William Wordsworth or other Romantic poets and analyze how these themes are expressed in their works.
  • Students could also explore the historical context of the poem and its significance within the broader context of the Romantic literary movement.

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